Rennyo: Confuscious of Jodo Shin Shu

Rennyo certainly paid attention to the behavior of non conflict. He revived the life of a dyeing Jodo shin Shu organization and told his followers abut the relationship between Buddhism and State..

Shintai: The path of Enlightenment and the path of Pure Land believers in a Trancendental Sense.

(We abandon all indiscriminate religious practices and undertakings (zōgyō zasshu) and all mind of self-assertion (jiriki no kokoro), we rely with singleness of heart on the Tathāgata Amida in that matter of utmost importance to us now—to please save us in our next lifetime. We rejoice in knowing that our birth in the Pure Land is assured and our salvation established from the moment we rely [on the Buddha] with even a single nembutsu (ichinen), and that whenever we utter the Buddha’s name thereafter it is an expression of gratitude and indebtedness to him. We gratefully acknowledge that for us to hear and understand this truth we are indebted to our founder and master [Shinran] for appearing in the world and to successive generations of religious teachers in our tradition for their profound encouragement. We shall henceforth abide by our established rules (okite) as long as we shall live.)

Zokukai: Attention to the State and the mundane relationship between Buddhists and Society and Government.

•Rennyo frequently used the term anjin (安心, “peace of mind”) alongside the term shinjin (信心, “true-entrusting”) that Shinran used.
•Rennyo de-emphasized the prohibition against veneration of Shinto kami, and taught they were manifestations of the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas in keeping with medieval Japanese viewpoints.
•Rennyo further elaborated on the notion of kihō ittai (機法一体), whereby the deluded person is united with Amida Buddha through the nembutsu.
•Rennyo emphasized the notion of “gratitude”, such that every invocation of the nembutsu after the first one expressed gratitude at being assured rebirth in the Pure Land of Amitabha Buddha. In his letters, he described this as go-on hōsha (御恩報謝, “Indebtedness to the Buddha Amitabha”)

The Ōnin War (応仁の乱 Ōnin no Ran) was a civil war that lasted from 1467 to 1477, during the Muromachi period in Japan. Ōnin refers to the Japanese era during which the war was fought. A dispute between Hosokawa Katsumoto and Yamana Sōzen escalated into a nationwide war involving the Ashikaga shogunate and a number of daimyōs in many regions of Japan.

The war initiated the Sengoku period, “the Warring States period”. This period was a long, drawn-out struggle for domination by individual daimyo, resulting in a mass power-struggle between the various houses to dominate the whole of Japan.

Aki Renso, misrepresented Rennyo in his taking sides in this conflict, when Renny found out he removed Aki Renso from his position. He re-instated Aki Rennyo who died three days after Rennyo.

Ikko Uprising:

Ikkō-ikki (一向一揆, “Ikkō-shū Uprising”) were mobs of peasant farmers, Buddhist monks, Shinto priests and local nobles who rose up against daimyō rule in 15th- and 16th-century Japan. They followed the beliefs of the Jōdo Shinshū (True Pure Land) sect of Buddhism, which taught that all believers are equally saved by Amida Buddha’s grace. They were organized to only a small degree; if any single person could be said to have had any influence over them it was Rennyo, the leader of the Jōdo Shinshū Hongan-ji sect at that time. Rennyo’s attitude to the Ikkō-ikki was, however, highly ambivalent and pragmatic. Whilst he may have used the religious fervor of the Ikkō-ikki in the defense of his temple settlements, he was also careful to distance himself from the wider social rebellion of the Ikkō movement as a whole, and from offensive violence in particular.

The Ikkō-ikki were, at first, disparate and disorganized followers of Rennyo’s teachings. His missionary work, and his appointment to the position of abbot of the Kyoto Hongan-ji, was in 1457, allowed him to “express in words and deeds” his unorthodox views. In 1465, Rennyo was forced to flee Kyoto, and established a new Hongan-ji branch temple, Yoshizaki-gobō, in Echizen Province in 1471. It was at this temple that he began to attract a significant following among peasants and farmers. About 1486 brought the first violent uprising, the first major organized action on the part of the Ikkō-ikki. They overthrew the governor of Kaga Province, and took control of it for themselves; this represented the first time in Japanese history that a group of commoners ruled a province.

Above all Rennyo was a man of peace and put forward mutual respect for Buddhist and Shinto beliefs. He intende the Kami’s have as much to teach us as the Bodhisttvas. He lived and survived difficult times, saving Jodo Shin Shu and Nembutsu teaching.


About Tino Rozzo

Politician-Philosopher. Has several Cookbooks published. Politician, ran for office many times since 2000. Leader American Labor Party and Living Universal Basic Income. Phd in Philosophy Buddhist Studies.
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